Biomechanics: Can Table Tennis Skills Be Transferred to Other Racket Sports?

Can easily ping pong help myself learn tennis? Will racquetball hurt my tennis game? Can badminton help me personally play better ping pong? These sorts of questions about the transference of skills between racket activities come up all the time. The author has its own unique qualifications to help answer these questions. We will analyze some of the mechanised similarities and distinctions between racket sports to help answer many of these questions. us open tennis schedule

To best compare the technicians of tennis, ping pong, or other racket activities requires a lttle bit of basic kinesiology. If you are standing relaxed with your hands at your edges, palms facing forward, you are in what is called the “Anatomic Position”. If you angle your fingertips away from your thighs, the max being about 45 degrees, that movement is called “Wrist Abduction”. Reversing that small movement is called “Wrist ADDuction”. Kinesiology students keep in mind the difference by imagining that this body part is being “ADDed” toward the midline, or long axis of the body and love to capitalize the first three letters for clarity. 

Wrist posture is one very important big difference between ping pong, tennis games, racquetball, squash, badminton, and even fencing. Picture a fencer with a sabre or foil in their hand thrusting toward the opponent. In order to make the foil suggestion reach so far as possible, the wrist must be completely adducted. The wrist pose for ping pong is practically the same but used for another goal, not simply for extending the reach.

In table tennis games, the wrist is adducted to let it to share whip during forward action at contact. The lower limbs, torso, shoulder, and hand start the movement and transmit momentum about what is called a “Kinetic Chain”. That chain of movement snaps the desk tennis racket just like a bullwhip at the ball. This kind of kinetic chain of impetus from the ground, up through the body, then culminating at contact is actually common to most, if not all, contact/collision sports such as sports and baseball. In comparison to table tennis, the wrist in tennis is usually “ABDucted”.

With the brief exceptions of attaining defensively to get to a ball or getting upward for a help or smash, the arm posture in tennis is more like holding a hammer, much more “ABDucted”. This posture does several things for a golf player. First, it makes bearing the excess weight and length of a rugby racket easier because of it being above the hand vertically.

Second, an “ABDucted” wrist is a stronger, more controllable hand posture. It really is more able to resist the high impact forces of a tennis ball and also more able to withstand the high twisting pushes of off center effects. Obviously, these sorts of impact forces do not exist in table tennis games and learning this good posture requires a great offer of practice and self-discipline. Unfortunately, as the creator has found, that same “ABDucted” wrist discipline carefully learned to play better tennis is difficult to set aside when one tries to play stand tennis with its “ADDucted” wrist.

This is actually the main problem of ping pong mentors, when teaching individuals who have come from tennis, that they need to constantly remind them to “drop” or “ADDuct” the wrist. The author’s own table tennis coaches just smile and point now! In the authors assumptive and practical opinion, This appears that among racquet sports, tennis requires the most discipline in conditions of wrist “ABDuction”. Golf, and maybe ping pong, may also require more self-control in its strokes on the whole. Again, some additional basic kinesiology is useful.

Via the “Anatomic Position” defined above, if you bend over your wrists so that your palms face upwards, you are FLEXING your wrists. When you returning both hands to the position in which your fingertips point toward the floor, you are EXTENDING your wrists. When you move your forearms so that your thumbs are next to your thighs and your palms face and you are out of the room, you are PRONATING your forearms. The opposite movement is known as SUPINATION. Both PRONATION and SUPINATION are defined by the two bones in the forearm rotating around one another, movements which are distinctive but often confused with flexing the wrist.

By July 2, 2018.    Uncategorized